Almost half of the world’s population will participate in elections this year.
2024 recently began and much has already been written about the alarm that is spreading about the extraordinary electoral cycle that will take place in 70 countries, almost half of the world’s population, that have presidential or legislative elections planned. There is concern and alarm about the impact on the right to vote due to the extreme polarization and especially the serious misinformation that is now enhanced by artificial intelligence.
These shadows hang over both consolidated democracies and those that are fragile and precarious. Going to the polls is an essential attribution of citizenship that appears compromised when the vote is oriented, contaminated or distorted not only by fake news and imagined narratives but by the ability to create images, texts and voices that come from the use of various AI tools.
There are 76 countries that will have elections in the coming months, including much of Europe and some of the most populated and polarized democracies on the planet such as Brazil, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Pakistan, Russia and the US. How to guarantee that Will electoral campaigns be free of falsehoods and malevolent machinations that leave truth and ethics aside? The so-called deep fakes seem completely real and through this you can say anything about a political adversary and make the population believe realities that do not exist.
Generative models, such as ChatGPT and other versions of chatbots, so celebrated and used by more than one hundred million people monthly in the world, have reduced the production costs of realistic content, capable of manipulating millions of specific and personalized ways. , through segmented advertising on social networks. Disinformation is today a global scourge with no solution in sight.
Our country was also affected by a global press that picked up the version of Pedro Castillo’s innocence and Dina Boluarte’s arrogance and illegality. The major media did not reflect in their central information the coup of the former president and the constitutional continuity of his successor, discredit was the rule. We suffer this way because there is no solution for the production and distribution of fake news, synthetic content and deep fakes.
National governments are facing an enormous challenge: protecting the authenticity of the popular vote and the right of citizens to elect their rulers, the basis of democracies now weakened by this war for the truth. It was not by chance that the alarm reached the World Economic Forum, meeting at its traditional annual meeting in Davos (Switzerland), where concern about a turbulent horizon permeated the debates with uncertainty about the political and economic perspectives.
Along with geopolitical warming — with two brutal wars, Ukraine and Gaza, of enormous global significance — and technological warming — with generative artificial intelligence in full development, with promises and threats — electoral disruption is one of the biggest that we still do not know how will face.
Artificial Intelligence Specialist
Text to speech